You may think that Sahara Desert is mere barren, hot and lifeless place. But due to harsh conditions there is life in the desert. There are humans, animals and plants over there for number of years. It is the biggest desert with area of over 9,400,000 square kilometers (3,600,000 square mi) as large as Chin or the United States of America. As it is the hottest desert of the world the temperature goes up-to 104-degree and annual rainfall is mere 2 to 5 inches. Despite of low rain and hot and arid temperature many plants have adapted the ability to live in Sahara Desert. Let’s see the top 15 of those plants who have managed to survive in Sahara. If you want to visit Sahara Desert and want to watch these incredible plants live then be sure to book your excursion wisely. Most of these plants can be found in the of Morocco. Marrakech desert tour 3 days is the most affordable and popular package where you could enjoy the beauty of Sahara Desert in just 3 days. Anyways, let just jump into these incredible plants which can be found in Sahara Desert.
#1. Laperrine bronze Tree
Let be honest when you pictured of desert in your mind then you may not wonder of Bronze trees. However, bronze trees surprisingly survive in the harsh conditions of Sahara. They are very water dry season safe that a few ranchers have built up their bronze trees.
#2. Doum-Palm Tree
Many of you who knew botany a bit many confused these with tropics but it belongs to different family. Some desert palm tree lived a long life more than 200 years or even more than that. Doum palm tree produces fruits which can be consumed by animals. Doum palm has very thick trunks which can absorbs a lot of water for longer period of time. Its wide leaves convert sunlight into sugar.
#3. Sahara Love grass
Grasses are one of the hardest species on this world and love grass is the same. This grass is bunch in Sahara. It develops in extreme bunches and creates little white blossoms with chewable grains. The longed legs prevent soil disintegration.
#4. Desert Gourd
These are also called as creepy plants, and they are members from the melon species that develop largely in Desert. They need little amount of Liquid to live. Most of these produce thick yellow fruits and are source of living for humans and animals alike. They are enormous, yellow blooms are also consumable. These are some of the qualities which makes them adaptive to this Desert.
#5. Nitraria Retugsa
These can be found across all the Desert. Most of these are typically low hanging bushes discovered edging salt swamps (both in beach front and inside desert) and grows in wadis and along with the side of the damp Valleys. They help to stabilize parts of desert and help to grows plants in these rough areas.
#6. Finger Palm Tree
This one is the favorite of the Saharan people. The fruit helps in making of the beverages and its leaves would also be useful when cooked. It is a holy fruit among Muslims. These Date tree also stores water in the thick trunks.
#7. Desert Herb
Despite of others in the list they do not gather liquid in their heavy roots. Also, flowers and leaves and does not need plenty of liquid to carry them. Despite of it this plant has the perfect ability to survive in Sahara Desert because of its moist appearance.
#8. Filler Tree
The Tobacco or Filler shrub isn’t local to Desert however grows their as an alien family. These plants were initially from Brazil and Peru yet carried by pilgrims to different continents. The roots of this tobacco three are harmful if smoked. The height of tobacco trees is bigger than normal tobacco trees and it can grows up to 7 feet and have a small leaf’s around it which protect it from extreme sunlight. They also store water beneath their roots.
#9. Tamarisk Shrub
It’s a little bushy plant which is native to Desert. Despite of others they do not store water under their roots because they need very low liquid to carry themselves. It helps in decreases soil erosion.
#10. Ephedra Alata
It has the same features like tamarish shrub, also a shrub and need very less water to maintain itself. The leaves are dry, reduces soil erosion. Locals used to make medicines from it.
#11. Red Acacia Trees
Found in the damp valleys of Sahara also known as red acacia. It is a thorny tree with barks having a reddish shade. The tree has a feathery leaf’s, which are believed to protect the bark of the tree from dry and stormy winds. It uses in medicine also, as it is considered good for reducing cholesterol levels, good for throat and stomach inflammation.
This plant is a green shrub commonly known as Nerium oleander. Although it available throughout the Sahara but it has a limited growth. These can be in white, red and pink in color and can be very poisonous. They are rapid growers because of their water storing ability which makes them a survival in Sahara.
#13. Ephedra alata Floura
It is a shrub which belongs to an Ephedraceae family. These plants are very short like few inches long but helps to decrease soil erosion and used in different medicine. They can break sunlight into stored fat and energy.
Commonly known as wiregrass and has the ability to grow quickly without storing lots of water. It has more than 300 species around the world. The leaves are usually flat or rolled over to protect themselves from the sunlight.
#15. African welwitchsia
Belongs to a famous Welwitschiaceae Caruel family. It is considered as harsh cactus. It has the extremely deep roots which allows them to as much water as possible. This is the reason that this plant is highly adaptive to the environment of Sahara.