Water is precious to our life. Our globe is largely covered by water with only 2.5% of that fresh while 1% available for our daily use from lakes, rivers and underground. According to the World Health Organization, 780 million people live without access to clean water with 3.5 million people, especially children, die every year from water-related infections.
These are preventable cases by means of employing affordable simple measures for clean water suitable for human consumption. Water security is about proper sanitation, appropriate water conservation and high standards of hygiene. Hence, the need to preserve and maintain clean water to save lives.
According to the EPA, in the US alone, Americans waste a lot of water annually on flushing toilets than in any other use. As a result, scientists, technologists, inventors, engineers and so many like-minded individuals and groups across the world have come up with so many ways to solve the problem; Advancement of water filter technologies.
In this review, I focus on some of the best nine modern great water filter technology advancements you need to know. They are widely available, inexpensive, efficient, and effective with remarkable innovativeness to help us keep water safe and clean for use.
Top 9 great water filter technology advancements
#1: Life Sack
This water purification developed by Dae Youl Lee, Myeong Hoon Lee and Jung UK, features a very innovative water purification system known as Life Sack. You can use the Life Sack as a container for food staples and a solar purification kit.
This technology embraces solar water disinfection process by using UV-A-radiation and the bag’s thermal treatment. Once the water goes through this process, it is able to kill the microorganisms and bacteria that might cause infections. Additionally, it is an easily portable sack.
Co-developed by Cooper Hewitt and other partners, this water filter technology adopts the use of an innovative small cigar-shaped tube design.
Once water passes through it, it has the capability to purify water of most potential disease-causative pathogens for ailments like Cholera, Diarrhea, typhoid, dysentery and many others, just before you take your first sip of the water.
Outstandingly, this filter technology is not only affordable but also simple to use, a primary reason as to why it is quick for application in under-privileged demographics.
#3: Water Purifying Bicycle
If you have heard of ‘Cycloclean’, this is simple water purifying bike system that taps kinetic energy while one is riding the bike to purify water.
The user needs to ride a bike with the system and water to be purified is attached to the bike. The good aspect of the filtration process is that it is largely affordable.
Besides, it can easily be accessed even in remote areas, especially those susceptible to water contaminations challenges. This was recently developed by a Japanese Nippon Basic Company.
#4: Reverse Osmosis Filtration technology
The technology adopts the use of a membrane to remove any contaminants that might be available in water. This is combined with granulated active charcoal filters to help in removing chlorine.
The reverse osmosis filter is normally installed I strategic spots, like under the sink, with a holding tank to carry out filtration.
Contaminants are effectively separated by the semipermeable membrane from the water. This leaves large amounts of water clean.
Some minerals like magnesium and calcium might be lost in the process but it is effective in removing contaminants from your water.
To make this filtration technology work better, it is prudent you include a carbon block filter to help remove things like pesticides among others foreign contaminants.
Remarkably, it just takes like an hour to filter a gallon of water but you will have to often replace the filters.
#5: Countertop distilling technology
If you have time to filter your water, Countertop distillation is a great choice. The system takes about 5 hours to filter just a gallon of water and needs electricity to operate.
They tend to be a little bit noisy because of their integrated fans design but they are very effective in removing contaminants from your water.
Once the system is placed in water, they adopt a low boiling point by vaporizing together with steam, leaving behind a contaminated distillate. The resultant water collected is safe and clean for use.
#6: Water distillation technology
This is one of the simple processes that use heat to change water into steam. The steam is directed into a cooling chamber before it turns back into liquid.
As a result, contaminants like heavy metals, asbestos, arsenic, pesticides, bacteria, fluorides, nitrates and much more are left behind.
Its drawback is that it doesn’t effectively remove the VOCs and endocrine disruptors because these tend to vaporize at same or lower temperature with that of the steam. You will also need electricity for its use.
Nevertheless, it is one of the very effective bacteria killing filtration technologies from water, leaving it safe for human or animal consumption. Additionally, it removes a lot of contaminants from water. This is way better than bottled water.
#7: Pure water filtration with UV rays
This process simply requires a half an hour to filter water. It uses chlorine and iodine tables placed in a water collector to produce water that is safe for drinking. It also incorporates 4 micron-sized water filters and wind-up UV light system.
The taste tends to be a little different though from water passed through diverse filtration technologies.
Developed by Timothy Whitehead, it can be used as a pure water bottle device able to filter soiled water in about 2 minutes removing up to 99.9 % of the contaminants and impurities in the process.
#8: The Hamster Ball-Shaped Solar ball
The solar ball is basically a spherically shaped device that is able to make use of the power from the sun to help in purifying water.
When the Solar ball is placed in the sun, it adopts evaporation to separate dirt and other water contaminants resulting in condensation yields. It is widely affordable and portable.
Slingshot is a device powered by a Stirling engine, which runs on a combustible fuel source, to purify any water source by means of vapor compression distillation however dirt. This includes water sources from the sea, chemical waste or sewage systems among many others.
Developed by Dean Kamen, it can also use cow dung as a source of powering and doesn’t require any filters. It is able to purify over 250,000 liters of water annually, a stable clean water supply to about 300 people.
There is still a great deal of water filtration technologies available today but these are equally reliable efficient and effective approaches.