Staying fit is the most essential promise that each one of us needs to make ourselves in the current situation where our lifestyles have escalated the hazards impacting the overall health.
High cholesterol is one of the most concerning of these hazards as it increases the risk of heart disease and heart attacks. High cholesterol can limit blood flow, expanding the risk of a heart attack or thumps.
While we collect some amount of cholesterol via food intake, the rest of it is manufactured by the liver. It requires a medical diagnosis and can be detected easily by a blood test as it has no symptoms. It is very common in India and around 10 million cases are examined each year.
High cholesterol can increase the risk of Chest pain, heart attack and strokes which can be prevented by eating low- salt diet, maintain a healthy weight, quit smoking, Exercise for at least 30 minutes.
High cholesterol can be inherited in one’s body, but it’s often due to an unhealthy lifestyle, which makes it curable and improvable. To reduce high cholesterol, one must go for a healthy diet, regular exercise and sometimes medication. Keeping yourself in check is important where platforms like Pharmeasy come into the picture as you can get diagnostic tests done by simply using their app or website and get the most accurate and credible results to keep yourself going with a better life and giving the users generous offers and discounts.
Cholesterol mainly comes in 2 ways:
- Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is the “imperfect,” harmful kind of cholesterol.
- High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is the “ethical,” vigorous kind of cholesterol.
SIDE EFFECTS OF HIGH CHOLESTEROL:
- Pain in the jaws– Jaw pain can be a symbol of a heart attack.
- Numbness in the legs– Hardening of the arteries can cause numbness in the legs & feet.
- Gallstones– It can lead to painful hard stones inside the gallbladder.
- Heart attack– The affected part of the heart muscle dies, if the plague is built inside a coronary artery and does not supply blood to the heart.
- Effects on memory– High cholesterol is associated with mental impairment.
- Reduced Blood flow– The cholesterol plagues increases and controls the amount of blood that flows through the arteries.
- Stomach pains– Sudden abdominal pain is the indication of gallstones.
- Brain blockage– Cholesterol block arteries to the brain which expands the possibility of a stroke.
- Stroke-Cholesterol that builds up in the arteries may block a blood vessel to cause a stroke.
Cardiovascular system- It experiences the worst results of cholesterol. This occurs when the levels of LDL cholesterol expand in the arteries and starts merging with blood substances to shape plaques. Plaques keep enlarging in arteries generating multiple issues such as artery blockage and restricted blood flow.
Nervous System – The cholesterol created by the body is significant to the brain because it helps it, protects and develops nerve cells. These nerve cells generate a passage for the brain to meet the other body parts. When the arteries going to the brain are blocked, the oxygen supply to the brain is cut down causing stroke which includes, loss of memory, loss of movement, or speech issues.
- Poor diet– Foods that are high in cholesterol, for example, red meat and full-fat dairy products also increases cholesterol.
- Lack of exercise– Exercise helps in boosting the body’s HDL.
- Obesity- Body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater puts one in the risk of high cholesterol.
- Smoking- Cigarette smoking damages the walls of the blood vessels building them more vulnerable to collect fatty deposits.
- Age- The risk of high cholesterol mounds as the body’s chemistry changes as one grows old.
- Diabetes- High blood sugar damages the lining of the arteries.
FOOD THAT LOWER CHOLESTEROL LEVEL:
- Almonds and other tree nuts
- Oat bran, oatmeal, and high-fiber foods
- Olive oil
- Fish and omega-3 fatty acid
- Limiting saturated and trans fats
- Whey Protein
- Margarine and orange juice
The option of medication or integration of medications depends on diverse factors, counting the personal risk factors, age, health, and possible drug side effects.
- Statins– It blocks a substance from which the liver makes cholesterol. This causes the liver to remove cholesterol from the blood. It also aids the body to soak up cholesterol from built-up deposits on the artery walls, potentially reversing coronary artery disease.
The medications: Atorvastatin (Lipitor), Fluvastatin (Lescol XL), pravastatin (Pravachol), lovastatin (Altoprev), simvastatin (Zocor), Pitavastatin (Livalo) and rosuvastatin (Crestor).
- Bile-acid-binding resins– The liver utilizes cholesterol to build bile acids, a substance required for digestion. This causes the liver to utilize excess cholesterol to build more bile acids, which lessens the level of cholesterol in the blood.
The medications: cholestyramine (Prevalite), colestipol (Colestid) and colesevelam (Welchol).
- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors– The little intestine suck up the cholesterol from the regular diet and frees it into the bloodstream.
The medications: Ezetimibe (Zetia)
Conclusion- To avoid the risk of chest pain and heart attacks, Cholesterol must be checked every 4 to 6 years. One must take successful estimates towards bettering their lifestyle. You can cut off smoking, lack of exercise, obesity, etc. Regular exercise is an essential factor that helps with your cholesterol problem.
It is best to check with a doctor to control situations like chest pain. A doctor can advise better and give proper treatments for the same in causing numbness in the legs or pain in the jaws.